Penalty Table

Offence

Imprisonment

Fine

Disqualification

Penalty points

*causing death by dangerous driving

14 years

Unlimited

Obligatory 2 years minimum

3-11 (if exceptionally not disqualified)

*Dangerous driving

2 years

Unlimited

Obligatory

3-11 (if exceptionally not disqualified)

*Causing death by careless driving under the influence of drink or drugs

14 years

Unlimited

Obligatory-2 years minimum

3-11 (if exceptionally not disqualified)

Careless and inconsiderate driving

-

5,000

Discretionary

3-9

Driving while unfit through drink or drugs or with excess alcohol: or failing to provide a specimen for analysis

6 months

5,000

Obligatory

3-11 (if exceptionally not disqualified)

Failing to stop after an accident or failing to report an accident

6 months

5,000

Discretionary

5-10

Driving when disqualified

6 months (12 months in Scotland)

5,000

Discretionary

6

Driving after refusal or revocation of licence on medical grounds

6 months

5,000

Discretionary

3-6

Driving without insurance

5,000

Discretionary

6-8

Using a vehicle in a dangerous condition

-

LGV 5,000

PCV 5,000

Other 2,500

Obligatory if offence committed within 3 years of a previous conviction for the same offence - 6 months minimum otherwise discretionary

3 in each case

Failure to have proper control of vehicle or full view of the road and traffic ahead, or using a hand-held mobile phone while driving

-

1,000 (2,500 for PCV or goods vehicle)

Discretionary

3

Driving otherwise than in accordance with a licence

-

1,000

Discretionary

3-6

Speeding

-

1,000 (2,500 for motorway offences)

Discretionary

3-6 or 3 (fixed penalty)

Traffic light offences

-

1,000

Discretionary

3

No MOT certificate

-

1,000

-

Seat belt offences

-

500

-

Dangerous cycling

-

2,500

-

Careless cycling

-

1,000

-

Cycling on pavement

-

500

-

Failing to identify driver of a vehicle

-

1,000

Discretionary

6



* Where a court disqualifies a person on conviction for one of these offences, it must order an extended retest. The courts also have discretion to order a retest for any other offence which carries penalty points: an extended retest where disqualification is obligatory, and an ordinary test where disqualification is not obligatory.